The exchange rates provided in our Currency Converter and other tools are averages for the global foreign exchange market gathered from frequently updated sources, including our OANDA fxTrade currency trading platform, leading market data vendors, and contributing financial institutions. The data is filtered and stored in a proprietary data repository.
We do not take market closing prices as the "average" price. Instead we take the average from all our collected data over a 24—hour period, reflecting the fact that the foreign exchange market never really "closes" on a global basis. However, market activity is lower on weekends and holidays, so the number of prices varies from day to day. Our Rates are rounded to up to five significant digits, with a few exceptions.
OANDA rates are trusted and used by major corporations, tax authorities, auditing firms, and individuals around the world.
For major currency pairs, our rates are based on tens of thousands of different price points, collected every few seconds, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. We collect these rates from live data suppliers, filter them to remove false prices and validate the data, and use the filtered data to compute interbank market rates.
Note: You may see the message in the Currency Converter's Details section, "Estimated price based on daily US dollar rates." This message is displayed for currency pairs where relatively little data is available, and means that the exchange rate for the converted currencies was computed from cross rates with the US dollar.
The period of time over which the average bid/ask currency price is taken depends on the data available for the particular currency. When possible, we take the average of prices over the last 24 hours and use these averages to update the rate every day at 22:00 UTC (Coordinated Universal Time).
Prices for the currencies of some emerging market countries may be published once per day or even less, resulting in only a few price points each week for these currencies.
The prices quoted by the Currency Converter are based on interbank market rates and generally reflect the exchange rates for transactions of US $1 million or more. These are the "official" rates quoted in the media, such as The Wall Street Journal. Retail spreads (the difference between the Bid and Ask prices) for smaller amounts are not reflected in these interbank prices since they vary among payment systems, countries and banks.
If you go to a bank in your home country, you usually have to pay more of your home currency to get foreign currency than you will receive of your home currency, if you return the foreign currency. This results in the two exchange rates shown in the margin result.
Because these retail rates vary so much in every place, we cannot advise you where to go at any given moment to change currencies. You can usually find out such information from your local bank, travel guides, or people who have visited the place you are heading for.
Interbank rates (+/- 0%), with a margin close to zero, are the "official" rates quoted in media such as The Wall Street Journal. They typically reflect the market rates for large transactions of US $1 million or more when banks trade between themselves or with their very large clients.
For the smaller amounts exchanged in a retail setting, banks, credit cards and exchange agencies charge commissions to convert currencies. These retail rates add commissions of 1 to 10 percent or more. For example:
Retail rates vary widely between payment systems, countries and banks, so we encourage you to enquire about the rates your financial institution is actually charging you.
To add a commission to your conversion, you can use the Interbank +/- pull-down on any of our applications. Either choose the commission from our list of typical charges, or type in a value if you know the rate you will be paying:
When you convert currency, you sell one currency to buy another. Your financial institution charges you a different rate if you are selling a currency (the Bid, or Sell, rate) or buying a currency (the Ask, or Buy, rate).
You can see these two types of rates in the lower details section of the Currency Converter:
Many currency information sites provide the Midpoint rate, which is the average of the Bid and Ask rates for a currency pair. At OANDA, we default to the Bid price for our applications, as it more accurately mimics the rate that you would be charged if you were exchanging money. We do provide Midpoint rates as a point of reference in our Historical Exchange Rates tool.